Carolyn Zinck's Ancestors:
The Original Immigrants to Nova Scotia

This is part of a write-up I did for a family history on my mom's ancestors. My mom is Carolyn Eileen (Zinck) Shaver. The surnames you see mentioned here are her direct ancestors. My major source of information was Bell's Notes, and tidbits from the research of my various distant cousins from the lunen-links discussion list.

Be aware that there may be errors in the information here- for example, it's not certain that all the men listed here as having gone on the cattle expedition actually went, there are problems in interpreting the records that were kept. In addition, the plots of land mentioned here and in Bell's Notes changed hands sometimes and it's possible that where 2 are listed that the person only had one of them.

They're roughly in alphabetical order, but remember, spellings varied!

Nancy Shaver
E-mail: nancy at flora dot org (insert @ and . in appropriate places)

Johann Nicholas Barkhouse (Berghaus) (born 2 February 1716) was a farmer from Hahnlein, Hesse-Darmstadt, GERMANY, and immigrated to Nova Scotia at the age of 36. He arrived on the Sally in 1752 with his wife, Gerdruth. He was illiterate, making his mark beside a name that someone else wrote for him on the ship's debt list.

His town lot was Rudolf's Division G-2. His 30-acre lot was Mahone Bay C-16, although he later registered both it and North West Range B-48 with KAUTZ, Johannes, so perhaps they shared for some reason, each is listed as having half of each lot. In the livestock distribution of 1754 he shared 6 sheep, 1 sow, and 1 goat with Carl Mehlman. He went on the cattle expedition of 1754. In 1784 he received a township grant of 60 acres.

Rudolph Berringer was born around 1731. He was married to Anna Barbara Buckter the 16 August 1751, but I don't know if this was before or after arriving in Nova Scotia.

Rudolph's town lot was Strasburger's Division B-5. In 1760 he registered 2 30-acre lots, LaHave E-5 and LaHave G-1.

George Christopher Bolivar (also spelled Bolleber) was born in1721 in Hessen Darmstat. He and his wife, Maria, arrived on the Gale in 1751. He was a farmer. He was illiterate, and signed for his debt for the two of them with a mark. They had a child who was born either on the voyage or shortly after, who was buried September 22, 1751 at Halifax.

His Lunenburg house lot was Moreau's division, lot G-8. His first 30 acre lot was C-2 at La Have. In 1754 he was given 6 sheep, 1 sow and 1 goat in the livestock distribution. He went on the Cattle Expedition of 1756. George as a private in the Indian Patrol of 1758. George made a small cash donation and volunteered labour towards the construction of the Lutheran Church in 1770-1771.

In 1760 he registered 2 30-acre lots, Centre A-5 and A-29 (but not the first lot he had been assigned to). In 1763 he drew in the first drawing for 300 acre lots lot #B-3 of the third division. He received a township grant of 450 acres on the 30 of June, 1784.

Jean Nicholas BOUTILIER immigrated from Etobon, Montbeliard, France, where he was born in 1731. He left Europe at the age of 21 with his parents, Jean George BOUTILIER (born 1691) and Sarah GRANGE. However, it is believed that they died on the voyage, as they were not listed on the Halifax victualing lists, and their younger children were listed as orphans. They left Europe on 30 May 1752 aboard the "Sally". Jean George was a "joiner".

His Lunenburg lot number was originally Strasburger's Div. Lot F-7, but this is scratched out with the notation "done nothing". Another notation is made that he was given lot E-7 of the same division. In 1760 he was registered for half of lot F-7, with "Jacques Bouteillier" registered for the other half. His 30 acre farm lot was in the Northwest Range, lot A-21. In the livestock distribution of 1754 he is noted as a "Bad Singleman" and given only 4 sheep between him and Jacques Bouteillier. He went on the cattle expedition of 1756.

Johann Peter BUBECKHOFER (Publicover) was born in Palatinate (Southwest Germany) in1718. He came on the Sally in 1752 at the age of 34, and was unmarried. He married Sabina Himmelman in Halifax.

In Lunenburg he was granted lot G-10 in Rudolf's division. He received 1 cow and 1 sheep in the livestock distribution of 1754 (he probably shared with someone, but that person is not known). His 30-acre lot was in the La Have river division; his first one is noted to have been LaHave C-27 and then in 1760 he registered LaHave D-28. He participated in the Cattle Expedition of 1756, and was a private in the Indian Patrol of 1758. He received a 300-acre lot, 3rd Div G-15, by Dec. 3, 1764. He made a very small donation towards the building of the Lutheran Church in 1770-1771.

A Crown land map shows him as taking up land in the New Dublin Township near Crescent Beach.

Johann George Conrad was born the 26 July 1735, at Kleinheubach am Main, Lowenstein-Werthelm, Bavaria, GERMANY. His occupation is listed as "Yeoman", although at the time of immigration he was a teenager, so this is probably a designation he earned later in life. He immigrated with his mother, Anna Maria Salome Worther (born 31 December 1707, and his father, Lorenz Conrad (born 30 November 1701) on the Murdoch in 1751.

Lorenz was 46, and indebted himself for 4 1/2 passengers on the ship, and signed his signature. In Halifax his family was one of those that lived "at the Block House and the Isthmus".

Lorenz was given Lunenburg house lots F-10 and F-11 of Strasburger's division. He shared a live stock distribution in 1754 with John Phillip Himmelman of 6 sheep, 1 sow and 1 goat. His 30 acre lot was Centre A-24.

Georg Conrad registered lot Center, A-12 in 1760. He was allotted lot # F-16 of the Second Division in the third drawing on Dec. 3, 1764.

Georg was elected a Church Elder in 1770 of the Lutheran Church, and contributed voluntary labour, some materials and money towards it's construction in 1770-1771.

On June 30, 1784, Georg Conrad was given a township land grant of 1055 acres by King George III. The island was given the name Conrads Island, after George Conrad and still has the same name today. Conrads Island lies in the community of Rosebay, NS. George died on the island in 1809.

Wilhelm CORKUM was born 29 August 1741, at Westhofen, Rhine Palatine, GERMANY. He and his parents, Sophia Catharina (Catherine) SPEISS (born ca. 1722 at Springsladt, GERMANY) and Johann Wilhelm CORKUM (VON GORKUM) (born 1706, or 1716) immigrated in1752 from the Palitinate area of Germany to Halifax, Nova Scotia. He arrived with his family on the ship "Pearl" in 1752.

The senior Gorkum was 36 at the age of immigration. He signed with a good signature for 4 1/2 passengers. His house lot in Lunenburg was Zouberbuhler's Division, F-7. His 30-acre town lot was South E-7. In the livestock distribution of 1754 he and John Miller recieved 6 sheep, 1 sow and 1 goat. He also received 2 Goats from "Capt. Stourt's " Vessel in Dec. 1754. He went on the Cattle Expedition of 1756 and was a private in the 1758 Indian Patrol.

John Crooks was born in England in 1702 and had served in the Royal Navy before coming to Halifax in 1750. It is thought that he married his wife, Sarah, after arriving here, and their known children were born starting in 1754.

He registered 3 town lots in 1762, Steinfort's Division A-2, A-13, and B-10. He had 2 30-acre lots, LaHave C-42 and LaHave D-1 (by order 21 Jun 1763).

Catherine Daree (born 1745) immigrated with her parents, Susanna and Nicholas Daree (Daré) (born 1710), on the Betty in 1752. Nicholas was a farmer, aged 42, from Montbeliard. He was illiterate, and someone else wrote his name for him. The name was spelled "Darés".

Nicholas' town lot was Rudolf's Div, Lot F-10. His 30-acre farm lot was B-14 on the Northwest Range. In the 1754 livestock distribution he shared 6 sheep, 1 sow and 1 goat with Jacques Bouttellier. He went on the Cattle Expedition of 1756. In the second drawing of 300-acre lots on Nov. 7, 1763 he drew D-5 in the third division.

Johann Georg Deuthoff (Thethoff) was born around1712 in Waldeck. He arrived on the GALE in 1751 at the age of 39, with his wife Maria Elizabeth (nee unknown). He was a farmer, and illiterate, signing for himself and his wife with a mark.

His town lot was Steinfort's Div., C-1, although he registered Zouberbihler's Div., D-10 in 1760. His 30-acre lot was A-9 of Mahone Bay. In the livestock distribution of 1754 he shared with Andreas Young 6 sheep, 1 sow, and 1 goat. He went on the Cattle Expedition of 1756. He drew 300-acre lot A-12 in the Second division, in the second drawing held Nov. 7, 1763. He received a township grant of 360 acres on the 30 of June, 1784.

Francois Joseph DIMON was born in 1720 in Switzerland. He was a stocking weaver, and arrived in Halifax in 1751 on the Gale.

John (Johann George) EICKLE was born around either 1755 or 1765 (there is a discrepancy in the dates) in Woelferbuett, Germany. He was probably a Private in the Jager (Chasseur) Regiment from Hesse-Kassel, who served Britian in the American Revolution and deserted from his unit in New York in June 1783 (shortly before they went back home), and settled in Lunenburg County, N.S.

When New York was evacuated in the fall of 1783, tens of thousands of Loyalists, British and German soldiers went to Nova Scotia where they had been promised free land. Johannes Eickel was probably one of them.

Anna Elizabeth Folcher/Felcher was born ca. 1745 in Stolberg, Hessen-Nassau, GERMANY. She arrived with her parents, Andreas Volcker (born October 1713) and her mother, Anna Maria Nickel on the Murdoch in 1751.

Andreas' town lot was Rudolf's Division C-1. His 30-acre lot was registered in 1760 as Center A-21, "30 acres separate from Frederich WEILER". His 300-acre lot was 1st Div F-1.

Johannes Hatt was born in1737 in Switzerland. He and his mother Anna arrived in the Speedwell in 1751; this was unusual in that families without a male head of the family rarely immigrated. Indeed, their fares were signed for by Michael Schmidt-Ley, who was from the same part of Switzerland as these Hatts.

Anna was granted a town lot, Strasburger's Div, C-3. In 1753, Johannes was granted a 30 acre lot, #A2 in Centre. (Registered 1760). It was right next to his stepfather's plot, who his mother had married in 1753. He was a Private in the Indian Patrol of 1758. On November 07, 1763, he drew a 300 acre lot, lot F2 in 2nd division.

Anna Catherine Susanna Herman (born 1732) arrived with her parents, Maria Elizabeth and Phillip Herman. They came on the Pearl in 1752.

Phillip's town lot was Moreau's Division E-8. He registered 2 30-acre lots in 1760, 2nd Peninsula B-18 and Clearland A-5. His 300-acre lot was 2nd Div G-4.

Sabina Catherina HIMMELMAN immigrated on the Gale from Palitinate in 1752. Her father, Johann Philip Himmelman, signed for the fares of his family with an extremely crude signature. Her mother, Maria Barbara, died a few days after September 30 of 1752, shortly after arriving in Halifax. There were 11 people in this family when they left Rotterdam, and only 6 of them remained 3 years later. Twelve years later only 2 remained, Sabina and one of her brothers.

Johann Philip was a 46 year old farmer at the time he left Palitinate. His town lot was Strasburger's Div E-6, and it is noted in 1754 that it had "the remains of a house burnt" on it. He was allotted Center A-17 for his 30-acre lot, although it seems he traded with George Franck for La Have River, E-2, since this is the one he registered in 1760. In 1754 he shared 6 sheep, 1 cow and 1 goat with Lorenz Conrad in the livestock distribution. He died in 1755.

Ann Dorothea Hoffman was born before 1740. She immigrated with her father, Caspar HOFFMAN (born before 1720) on the Pearl in 1751.

Caspar's first town lot was Zuberbuhler's Division F-14, but by 1762 had also aquired F-13 in Zuberbuhler's division as well as Steinfort's Division E-7. His 30-acre lot was South Div A-2.

Johann Ulrich Hubley (Ubley) was born in 1719 in Palatine, Germany. He was a 32-year old farmer at the time of emigration, and arrived on the Pearl in 1751. He married twice in the 1750's before marrying our ancestor, Anna Barbara (Matler) Lloy in 1759. He signed with a "mark" for his passage debt, but it is noted that the accompanying signature of his name is rather ungainly writing and may be his own also.

In the Halifax Allotment lists (Crown Land books), there is record of "Wilrich Ubly" having some land in the Dartmouth suburbs, and also Dartmough G-4. This would have been in the time the settlers lived in Halifax waiting to be settled elsewhere in the province.

Ulrich is listed as having a town lot in Creighton's Division, but it is not noted which one. His 30-acre lot was 2nd Pen B-9, and his 300-acre lot was 3rd Div D-11. In the livestock distribution of 1754 he shared 1 cow and 1 sheep with Gella Gertgens. He was on the cattle expedition of 1756, and was a private in the Indian Patrol of 1758. When he married Barbara "Leigh" (Lloy) in 1759, it was his third marriage since arriving in Nova Scotia. He had been indebted for 3 freights (i.e. the equivalent of 3 adults) on the ship, and since he does not show up with any of these on the victualing lists, it would appear that this poor man lost a lot of family to death in the 1750's.

In the township grants of 30 June 1784, Ulrich received a grant of 125 acres.

Jean Pierre Frederic Joudrie (born 1743) arrived with his parents, Anne Catherine and Jean Christophe Joudrie (Jaudry). They arrived on the Speedwell in 1752.

His first town lot is listed as being Steinfort's Division C-7, although this could be incorrect as another settler is listed as having that lot, and the lot next to it is empty so perhaps one of them had that one. However, in 1762 he registered Rudolf's Division F-6 as his town lot. His first 30-acre lot that he was given is listed as" Clear Land Back Range D-3 to North West Range B-53", but in 1760 he registered North West Range B-42. His 300-acre lot was 2nd Div F-14.

Johann Conrad Knickle was born19 April 1729 in Palatinate. He arrived in Halifax on the GALE, 9 Jun 1752. His signature was somewhat of a scrawl, and it looks as if he signed his name "Kinkel", although he appears everywhere else as being Knickle. He was 23 when he left home with his wife and daughter. They must have died aboard ship or soon after as he married Esther Eve Schaffner on the17 Dec.,1753.

In Lunenburg he was allotted Strasburger's Div. C-10 for his town lot. His 30-acre farm lot was Second Peninsula, B-2. In the 1754 livestock distribution he shared 1 cow and 1 sheep with Friedrick Heison. He went on the Cattle Expedition of 1756.

He inherited town lot Strasburger's Div. E-13 by 1760 from "Johann Ohx". He drew lot D-7 in the second division for his 300-acre lot, in the first drawing. On the 30th of June, 1784, Conrad was granted 330 acres in a Township grant.

It's not known which ship Johan Jacob KOLB I (Colp) (born 6 February 1711/2) and his wife, Maria Barbara Magdalena Fetzen (born ca. 1725) arrived on. It is known that he deserted to Louisbourg at some point- one source states it was during the 1753 Rebellion, but another source says his son Johan Jacob KOLB II, who was born in 1752, was born at Louisbourg. At any rate, they were there at the time of the French surrender in 1758, and he was returned to Lunenburg.

Johan Jacob Senior was registered in 1762 as having Creighton's Division H-7 as his town lot. His 30-acre lot was Indian Point 1. Johan Jacob Junior received a 300-acre lot, 2nd Div G-1.

Johannes Loeffler (Leffler) was born in 1719 in Dettinger, Kreis Reutlingen. He and his wife, Elizabeth Marianna Barbara Getter, immigrated with their daughter Mary Regina Loffler (born December 1748, at Wurttemberg?) who was 2 1/2, and one other child. They came on the Pearl, leaving the 2 July 1751. Johannes is listed in one source as a weaver from Wurtemberg.

Johannes was 32 at the time that he immigrated. In Lunenburg he was allotted Strasburger's Div. B-12 for his town lot. For his 30-acre lot he received A-9 on the LaHave River, although registered lot A-9, Center, in 1760. In the livestock distribution of 1754 he and Jacob Fousele shared 6 sheep, 1 sow and 1 goat. Johannes went on the Cattle Expedition of 1756. He died in 1765 and was buried June 4, 1765. His children were granted lot F-1 in the fourth division at the fifth drawing for 300 acre lots on April 15, 1766.

Jean Frederic Lowe (L' eau) was born in1725 in Montbeliard, FRANCE. He arrived with his wife, Catherine, on the Betty in 1752. His town lot was Moreau's Division E-10, and his 300-acre lot 3rd Div E-4.

Heinrich Oxner was born in 1731. His 30-acre lot was LaHave F-3, and his 300-acre lot 3rd Div E-7.

Hans Nicholas REINHARDT (born 1715) immigrated with his wife, Anna Margaretha, from Palatinate on the Pearl in 1751. He was illiterate, and signed with his mark for 3 freights.

He was alloted Moreau's Div. B-10, as his town lot. Nicholas Reinhard was one of five to whom, in the 1753-4 Allotment List was granted jointly "a Point of land projecting to the Westward and terminating opposite to the old fort on La have River, containing about 135 Acres". This later became the La have - "G" lots and is the peninsula still known as "The Five Houses". His 300-acre lot was drawn in the second drawing, Nov. 7, 1763, and was lot H-3 of the second division. On 14 June, 1765 Nicholas "Reynard" was granted 500 acres in the Dublin Township, but it's probable that this refers to his son of the same name.

Notes in the Johann Michael Schmitt Family Bible record that on 10 July 1760 a fire destroyed 3 of the houses at the "Five Houses" settlement - Reinhart's among them. They also record the death on 27 July 1797 of Schmitt's "neighbor , Mrs.Reinhard, who had been the widow of Leonhard Uhrig" [Uhrig had died in 1776. I think we (Bell) must infer that one of the two Nicholas Reinhard's had married the widow -- perhaps of Nicholas senior, by that time not improbably a widower himself. Uhrigs and Reinhards were next door neighbors.]

Elizabeth Catherine Robert immigrated on the Speedwell in 1752 with her parents, Abraham ROBERT (born 1723) and Elizabeth Catherine Lods (born 1716). They lived in lived in Chagny, France, a small village near Montbeliard.

Abraham was a stone mason 30 years old & illiterate (ships manifest shows he signed X). He served his indenture by building fortifications on George's Island in Halifax Harbor then moved to Lunenberg & later to the Sable River region.

Abraham's 30-acre lot was North West Range B-54.

William Park was born around, 1752, almost certainly in Northern Ireland. He immigrated with his parents, Jane and James Park (born ca. 1718). James was a weaver and a farmer. They arrived in Nova Scotia between 1760 and 1770.

They probably arrived aboard either the "Nancy" or the "Hopewell" in 1762, when 150-200 emigrants responded to advertisments in Londonderry. They sailed in late August and arrived in early November, and were sent along the coast to New Dublin Township. Another account however says this family more likely arrived later in the 1760's.

The Park family had originated in Scotland, but it is not known when they immigrated to Ireland. It is known however that James Park was a successful "yarn merchant" and farmer who carried on his business of weaving and spinning, and settled in Petite Riviere.

His son William moved to the east side of the LaHave River after marrying Anna Crooks, where her father gave them two 30-acre lots. William started out on this land and traded for other land until he owned well over 250 acres on the eastern side of the LaHave River.

Eva Esther Elizabeth Schaffner was born around1738 in Palatinate. She immigrated with her parents, Esther Eve and Christopher Schaffner (born 1719). Christopher was a farmer. They arrived in 1751 on the Murdoch. Eva Esther later died in childbirth at age 40, and was buried 12 Dec., 1778.

Catherine Margaret Schmidt was born in March 1740. She arrived on the Gale in 1752 with her parents, Maria Barbara Elisabetha Engelhorn and her father, Johann Michael Schmitt (born 1714), as well as several siblings and half-siblings. Here is an excerpt from the family bible, recorded later in life by Johann:

1752: The 9th of May be we left Leymen (Leimen) for America, and arrived at Halifax the 6th of September in the same year. The 4th of May (1753) we moved to Lunenburg, and in 1754 the week after Easter to Leeh˝ff where I still live up to the present time. The names of those who came hither with me and belong to my family are as follows:

"I, Johann Michael Schmitt, and my wife Maria Barbara Elisabetha; 6 children: namely (1) Susanna Elisabetha Herttel (2) Johann Martin Herttel (3) Regina Barbara Herttel (4) Catharina Barbara Schmitt (5) Maria Elisabetha Schmitt (6) Johann Thomas Schmitt. For this great mercy, that God led us all in health and safety such a long way hither across the wild ocean into this land, such a think as no family can boast as a matter of course, we praise, bless and than Him, and have resolved to maintain an annual day of prayer, penitence and thanksgiving to God the Lord, fixed by us for all time on the first Sunday after the date of our arrival in this land and this day shall be kept so long as a member of our family remains. To which may almighty God give His mercy and blessing. Amen."

"The ship with which we traveled across the great sea bore the name G˝hl (Gale), and in Rotterdam 262 souls embarked in her. On the voyage to America 12 children were born, of which all but one died. Of the above 262 souls embarked, 53 died on the ocean and the remaining 221 landed safely at Halifax. There were 183 freights and 53 bedplaces. From the 8th of July 1752 to the 28th of February 1753, 83 persons from the above-mentioned ship died in Halifax. We were 14 days travelling down the Rhine and 14 weeks on the ocean, not counting the time we were on board the ship in Rotterdam and again in Halifax before we were put to ashore, all of which amounted to 22 weeks."

You can read more of the Schmitt diary on another page of this site.

Catherine was 19 when she was married. Catherine Barbara Schmidt & Peter Zwicker, Jr. had met on the "Gale" coming over to Halifax in 1752. She died in 1780 at the age of 40, leaving eleven children. Her husband then married Gertrud Ernst, age 24, by whom he had seven children. They settled on the eastern shore of Mahone Bay in the area called Oakland.

Jakob Sperre and his wife, Barbara Brunker, immigrated between 1750-1752. In one source it says he probably arrived on the Ann in 1750, with the Brunker family. Both the Sperrys and the Brunkers came from Wangin, Switzerland.

Jakob's town lot was Strasburger's Division E-9. He registered 2 30-acre lots in 1760 with 2 other men: North West Range A-4 (with BLEYDSTEINER, Johann Matthew), and Oakland 36 (with ... can't read name). He was granted 1st Div B-5 as his 300-acre lot.

Ludwig Spindler I immigrated from Nassau-Weilburg, Germany, in 1750 on the Ann. Three other Spindler men arrived with him: Henrick died in Halifax in 1752, Adam died in Halifax in 1752, Rudolf married in 1778 to Charlotte Zinck. Ludwig and the two who died were brought over by a "Mr. Klages", who paid the passages of 17 people who were to work for him in the new colony. Unfortunately for Klages, he took ill 3 days after arriving in Halifax and died within a few days.

Ludwig and Rudolf registered town lot Steinfort's Div., G-11, 1/2 each, in 1760. Ludwig was granted Land grant lot #6, Letter E, Feltzen South. He ("Ludovick Spindler"- possibly someone else) also is recorded as having recieved a township grant of 60 acres on the 30 of June, 1784.

Christophe Jacques Vienot was born in 1739. He immigrated with his parents, Leopold Frederic Vienot (born 1704) and Jeanne Meliere in 1752 on the Betty. Leopold is listed as having been born in Montbeliard, Alsace, France.

Leopold was 48 when he immigrated. He wrote a good signature. Jeanne died in Halifax and was buried 20 Feb, 1753; a 10 year old son died around the same time.

Leopold received town lot F-6 in Moreau's Division. Bell notes that they recorded "Nigligint" (negligent) at that time, but speculates he was just discouraged, after death of wife & one son. He received B-36 N.W. Range for his 30-acre lot. In the livestock distribution of 1754, he shared 1 cow and 1 sheep with Joseph Comtois. He went on the cattle expedition of 1756. He recieved in the second drawing for 300-acre lots D-15 in the Third Division. Christopher recieved First Division, E-4 for his 300-acre lot.

Anna Catharine Barbara Wacker was born 12 October 1739 in Germany. She immigrated with her parents, Abraham (born in 1705) and Dorothea Wacker. They arrived on the Pearl in 1751.

Abraham's town lot was Steinfort's Division D-11. His 30-acre lot was Center A-13.

Johann Heinrich Wagner was born in 1726 in Palatinate, Germany. He immigrated in 1752 on the Gale, with his wife, Anna Margaretha, and infant daughter Anna Marie Wagner (born 1751).

It seems Johann had two 30-acre lots by 1760, South Div E-10 and South Div E-9.

John Nicholas Wolff was born in 1722 in Baden-Durlach, Germany. He sailed to Halifax on the "Murdoch" in 1751 with his first wife, Anna Elizabeth (who is not our ancestor) and one child. He ultimately settled in Rose Bay, Lunenburg Co.

Johannes (John) had town lot Steinfort's Division F-4. His 30-acre lot was Rose Bay 9.

Johan Heinrich Zeiler (Seiler) arrived at the age of 28 on the Gale in 1752, and listed with him was a Johnan Heinrich Jr, a Michael (Johan Michael Sawler) and a Nicholas. They all were incluced in the victualing list. Nicholas seems to have disappeared from all records, but Michael shows up in 1760 and since his alleged father Johan Heinrich died in1757 Michael apparently lived with someone else, since he reappears out of the blue when he marries for the first time in 1762. Some say that most of his family finally took the name of Seller.

Johan Heinrich received town lot Steinforts Div. C-11 and 30-acre lot La Have River C-12, but they were registered in 1760 to his son Johan Heinrich Jr. due to the father having been deceased.

Michael received a 300 acre lot in the second drawing on Nov. 7, 1763, H-11 in the second division.

Johan Caspar ZINCK was born the 22 of October, 1709, in Kleinheubach, Loewenstein, Wertheim. He immigrated with his son, Johann Peter Zinck on the Murdoch in 1751.

Caspar's town lot was Creighton's Division C-6, and his 30 acre lots were Kingsburg 4 and 5. His 300-acre lot was 2nd division E-11, and Peter too had his own 300-acre lot, 2nd division C-5.

Peter Zwicker was born the 21 May 1736, at Zeiskam, Palatine, GERMANY. He immigrated with his parents Maria Magdalene HAFFNER and Hans Peter ZWICKER, and they arrived on the Gale in1752. Peter Jr. signed for his own fare, although it is noted that the signatures for both of them are in the same hand, so were written by one or the other of them.

Peter Senior was 36 at the time of immigration. His town lot was Strasburger's Div., E-10, and his 30-acre lot was C-11 at Mahone Bay. In the livestock distribution of 1754, Peter Sr. shared with Adam Weinacht 1 cow and 1 sheep. Peter Zwicker also got 2 sheep from "Capt. Soourts Vessel," December 1754. He went on the cattle expedition of 1756.

Peter Junior was 16 at the time of immigration. Bell makes the following notes on the land he received:

"Register of 30 acre lots, 1760, Oak Land No. 4, "Luis Paysant, Zouberb, sold to Pet. Zwicker" (i.e. Mr. Zouberbuhler, presumably acting as agent for Paysant's widow and children (Payzant was murdered in an Indian massacre), sold this lot at some time after 1759 to Peter Zwicker. This may have been either Peter senior or Peter junior, but I should suspect the junior).

"Register also to Peter Zwickker and Phillip Hyson about 30 acres each "between Benjamin Green, Esq. and Henry Becker" (This was land beyond (to the east of) the Oakland block of 30 acre lots). Becker's land was Oakland numbers, 12 and 13).

"Registered also to Peter Zwicker, N.W. Range, A-52. This lot was for several years held for Casper Strauch, on the "absentee" list. Then, on that list, is the notation: "Petitioned P. Zwicker, Eentered," and in the lot list in the register the entry reads: "Peter Zwicker Junior, by Government grant, Sept 3, 1779) "

Peter Junior also received 300-acre lot C-11 of the Third division, in the 3rd drawing held Dec. 3, 1764. He also received a township land grant of 1140 acres on June 30, 1784.

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